Homosexuality is legal in Russia since 1993, however societal anti-homosexual sentiments are high with over 70% of the population holding hostile views towards homosexual people. Currently there are no laws in place protecting LGBT people in Russia from discrimination in areas of employment, housing or military service. However, legally homosexual people are allowed to serve in the military openly. In fact, a law that banned 'propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations' practically legitimises discrimination against LGBT people. Same-sex partnerships is not recognised by law. It is legal to change one's legal gender, but sex reassignment surgery is required. There are numerous organisations advocating for LGBT and gender rights in Russia, the list of the main ones can be found below.
As of yet to our knowledge there are no academic institutions dedicated to LGBT research in Russia, but some research on gender and sexuality is carried out by individual members of staff in the following institutions. As there are over 3000 Higher Education Institutions in Russia, the provided list reflects only a fraction of the top institutions. For the fuller scope of academic research on gender and LGBT in Russia please browse the repositories provided below.
Mole, R. (2019). Soviet and post-Soviet sexualities. (First ed., Routledge contemporary Russia and Eastern Europe series).
Healey, D. (2018). Russian homophobia from Stalin to Sochi. New York : Bloomsbury Academic.
Mielke, T., & Minsky, M. (2017). The Russian homosexual lexicon : Consensual and prison camp sexuality among men.
Sperling, V. (2015). Sex, politics, and Putin : Political legitimacy in Russia. (Oxford studies in culture & politics).
Stella, F. (2015). Lesbian lives in Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia : Post/socialism and gendered sexualities. Francesca Stella, University of Glasgow. (Genders and sexualities in the social sciences).
Amico, S. (2014). Roll over, Tchaikovsky! : Russian popular music and post-Soviet homosexuality. Urbana : University of Illinois Press.
Fejes, N., & Balogh, A. (2012). Queer visibility in post-socialist cultures. Bristol : Intellect books.
Downing, Gillett, Downing, Lisa, & Gillett, Robert. (2011). Queer in Europe : Contemporary case studies. (Queer interventions). Farnham : Ashgate.
Eichler, M. (2011). Militarizing men : Gender, conscription, and war in post-Soviet Russia. Stanford, California : Stanford University Press.
Ziemer, U. (2011). Ethnic belonging, gender and cultural practices : Youth identities in contemporary Russia. (Soviet and post-Soviet politics and society ; 103). Stuttgart : Ibidem.
Baer, B. (2009). Other Russias. Palgrave Macmillan.
Borenstein, E. (2008). Overkill sex and violence in contemporary Russian popular culture. (Culture and society after socialism). Ithaca : Cornell University Press.
Ri͡abova, T. (2008). Pol vlasti: gendernye stereotipy v sovremennoĭ rossiĭskoĭ politike. Ivanovo : GOU VPO.
Goscilo, Lanoux, Goscilo, Helena, & Lanoux, Andrea. (2006). Gender and national identity in twentieth-century Russian culture. (1st ed.). DeKalb, IL : Northern Illinois University Press.
O'Donnell, K., & O'Rourke, M. (2006). Queer masculinities, 1550-1800 : Siting same-sex desire in the early modern world.
Štulhofer, Sandfort, Štulhofer, Aleksandar, & Sandfort, Theo. (2005). Sexuality and gender in postcommunist Eastern Europe and Russia. Aleksandar Štulhofer, Theo Sandfort, editors. New York : Haworth Press.
Schluter, D. (2002). Gay life in the former USSR : Fraternity without community. New York ; London : Routledge.
Healey, D. (2001). Homosexual desire in revolutionary Russia : The regulation of sexual and gender dissent. Dan Healey. Chicago, Ill., London : University of Chicago Press.
Essig, L. (1999). Queer in Russia : A story of sex, self, and the other. Durham : Duke University Press.
Pilkington, H. (1996). Gender, generation and identity in contemporary Russia. London ; New York : Routledge.
Post-Soviet Affairs - a journal devoted to the study of the polities, economies, societies, and foreign relations of Russia and other republics of the former USSR. Its primary focus is on the tension between impulses of reform, liberalization, and modernization in the region and legacies of corruption, suppression of civil liberties, and other manifestations of the Soviet (and pre-Soviet) past.
Rusia hate crime data by OSCE ODIHR [English].
ECRI - Country monitoring in Russian Federation. Reports, 1997 - 2019 [English].
Russian Federation 2017/2018. Amnesty International [English].
Насилие против ЛГБТ в Росси по данным медиа. Отчет / Лаборатория исследований сексуальности. СПб. : ЛИС, 2017 [Russian].
Prestuplenii͡a na pochve nenavisti protiv LGBT v Rossii. 2017 [Russian].
Justice or Complicity? LGBT Rights and the Russian Courts. 2016 [English].
На перепутье: методология, теория и практика ЛГБТ и квир-исследований: сборник статей / ред.-сост. А. А. Кондаков. — СПб.: Центр независимых социологических исследований. 2014 [Russian].
Study on Homophobia, Transphobia and Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Sociological Report: Russian Federation. COWI and The Danish Institute for Human Rights [English].
The situation of LGBT people in the Russian Federation. ILGA report, 2008 [English].
LIS (Лаборатория исследований сексуальности) contains resources on sociological and anthropological studies of sexuality [Russian].
Boell.org contains a list of resources about gender in Russia [Russian].
A list of articles about gender equality in Russia on Human Rights on Russia website [Russian].
A list of articles about LGBT rights on Human Rights on Russia website [Russian].
eLIBRARY.RU is the largest search engine for academic publications with links to online journals including publications on LGBT and gender [Russian].
List of publications by Центр независимых социологических исследований [Russian].
A search engine for doctoral dissertations in Russia Открытая Электронная Библиотека Диссертаций [Russian].
Library of Equal Rights Trust offers online material on LGBT in Russia [Russian].
St Petersburg University Research Repository provides an open access to research publications, teaching materials, conference presentations, research data, graduation projects, dissertations and theses [Russian].
Kvir is a Russian gay-oriented magazine [Russian].
Parniplius is a website covering various topics related to LGBT and gender [Russian].
XGAY publishes a wide range of material including news, art, psychology, literature, sex life [Russian, English].
A list of media articles about LGBT [Russian].
Философские проблемы гендерных исследований is a series of videos discussing topics related to gender [Russian].
Как конструируется гендер. Гендерное устройство частной жизни в современной России is a lecture on gender construction in contemporary Russia [Russian].
Гендерная политика в России is a lecture on politics of gender in Russia [Russian].