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Guide to resources on LGBTQ+ in Eastern Europe: Russia

Russia Overview

LGBT map of Russia

Homosexuality is legal in Russia since 1993, however societal anti-homosexual sentiments are high with over 70% of the population holding hostile views towards homosexual people. Currently there are no laws in place protecting LGBT people in Russia from discrimination in areas of employment, housing or military service. However, legally homosexual people are allowed to serve in the military openly. In fact, a law that banned 'propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations' practically legitimises discrimination against LGBT people. Same-sex partnerships is not recognised by law.  It is legal to change one's legal gender, but sex reassignment surgery is required. There are numerous organisations advocating for LGBT and gender rights in Russia, the list of the main ones can be found below.


Academic institutions

As of yet to our knowledge there are no academic institutions dedicated to LGBT research in Russia, but some research on gender and sexuality is carried out by individual members of staff in the following institutions. As there are over 3000 Higher Education Institutions in Russia, the provided list reflects only a fraction of the top institutions. For the fuller scope of academic research on gender and LGBT in Russia please browse the repositories provided below.     




Academic journals

  • Post-Soviet Affairs - a journal devoted to the study of the polities, economies, societies, and foreign relations of Russia and other republics of the former USSR. Its primary focus is on the tension between impulses of reform, liberalization, and modernization in the region and legacies of corruption, suppression of civil liberties, and other manifestations of the Soviet (and pre-Soviet) past.

  • Гендерные исследования - an academic journal on gender studies in the countries of the former USSR that publishes materials on gender, covering the entire spectrum of social and human sciences.


Data and statistics





  • LIS (Лаборатория исследований сексуальности) contains resources on sociological and anthropological studies of sexuality [Russian].

  • contains a list of resources about gender in Russia [Russian].



  • Kvir is a Russian gay-oriented magazine [Russian].

  • Parniplius is a website covering various topics related to LGBT and gender [Russian].

  • XGAY publishes a wide range of material including news, art, psychology, literature, sex life [Russian, English].

  • A list of media articles about LGBT [Russian].




LGBT Organisations

  • LGBT ministry Nuntiare et Recreare (latin: herald and strengthen) unites LGBT believers of different religious and confessional affiliations and people who don’t participate in any organized forms of religion, but share values of humanism, cultural diversity, tolerance, intercultural dialogue, nonviolence and Human rights [Russian].
  • The Russian LGBT network is an inter-regional, non-governmental human rights organization that promotes equal rights and respect for human dignity, regardless of sexual orientation and gender identity. They unite and develop regional initiatives, advocacy groups, and provide social and legal services. Their VKontakte and Facebook profiles. [Russian, English].
  • Project Deti 404  provides support to LGBT teenagers in Russia. Their Youtube channel [Russian].


Organisations working on gender rights

  • Феминистки поясняют is a project dedicated to voices of women in Russia. Their Youtube channel, VKontakte and Facebook accounts [Russian].
  • Видимо-невидимо is a project dedicated to counteracting gender stereotypes and gendered violence. Their VKontakteInstagram, and Facebook accounts [Russian].



This guide is produced and curated by UCL SSEES Library as part of the UCL European Institute’s Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence Programme 2019.   


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