Homosexuality is legal in Romania since 2001, but same-sex marriage and partnership is not recognised, with an exception of foreign same-sex marriages. Discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity is banned under Romanian criminal code in areas of housing, employment and military service. It is legal to change one’s legal gender, but the legal procedures are to accomplish that are not straightforward. National Council for Combating Discrimination is an official governmental body in charge of implementing anti-discrimination laws and policies in Romania.
An overview of rights and legal acts by ILGA Europe [in English].
Country ranking by ILGA Europe [in English].
O'Dwyer, C. (2018). Coming out of communism : The emergence of LGBT activism in Eastern Europe. New York : New York University.
Sremac, Ganzevoort, Sremac, Srđan, & Ganzevoort, Reinder Ruard. (2015). Religious and sexual nationalisms in Central and Eastern Europe : Gods, gays, and governments.
Fejes, N., & Balogh, A. (2012). Queer visibility in post-socialist cultures. Bristol: Intellect books.
Adam, B., Duyvendak, Jan Willem, Krouwel, André, & Krouwel, Andrâe. (2009). Global Emergence Of Gay & Lesbian Politics. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Romania hate crime data by OSCE ODIHR [in English].
ECRI - Country monitoring in Romania. Reports, 1998 - 2018 [in English].
Romania 2017/2018. Amnesty International report [in English].
Persoane trans în România : Recunoaşterea juridică a identităţii de gen a persoanelor trans în România. Accept. ECPR, 2014 [in Romanian].
Public scandals : Sexual orientation and criminal law in Romania : A report. Human Rights Watch and the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. New York: Human Rights Watch, 1998 [in English].
Romanian equality body provides a list of legal cases of discrimination against sexual orientation and gender [in Romanian].
Archivaqueer is a digitized archive of news, posters, brochures, international press and self-published materials from the queer community. Free after registration [in Romanian].
Full text online resources related to gender in Romania from The European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE). [in English].
The Romanian Academic Society (RAS) is a think tank in Romania [in Romanian, English].
Theses by Universitaea din Craiova includes theses on feminism [in Romanian].
Institutional repository of Dunărea de Jos University of Galați [in Romanian, English, French].
A list of media articles on LGBT in Romania at Romania libera [in Romanian].
Articles about LGBT in Romania from ILGA Europe [in English].
A website of Consiliul national pentru combaterea discriminarii is a good resource for articles on LGBT in Romania [in Romanian].
Accept - an NGO that advocates for the rights of LGBT people in Romania. Their website contains articles and videos related to LGBT in Romania [in Romanian].
Association for Liberty and Equality of Gender - A.L.E.G. - a nongovernmental organization active in preventing and fighting violence against women and children and in promoting gender equality. [in Romanian and English].
Asociația LGBTeam [in Romanian].
TRANSform [in Romanian].
Eu sunt! Tu? [in Romanian].