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Guide to resources on LGBTQ+ in Eastern Europe: Poland

Poland Overview

LGBT map of Poland


Although homosexual activity has been legal in Poland since 1932, same sex marriage and civil unions are not recognised in Poland (EQUALDEX: LGBTQ rights in Poland). According to the Pew Research Centre surveys conducted between 2015 - 2017 in 34 Western, Central and Eastern European Countries, 32 percent of Poles support same-sex marriage.  Adoption for same sex couples is currently illegal in Poland. 

The Equal treatment law of 2010 bans discrimination in matters of employment and occupation based on sexual orientation (EXUALDEX: LGBTQ rights in Poland). However, this is currently the only context in which LGBT discrimination is explicitly illegal in Poland. Polish law does not adequately address anti-LGBTQ hate speech or bias (LGBTQ Rights in Poland: measures to combat discrimination and violence on grounds on sexual orientation, gender, identity and sex characteristics, 2018 and Information paper on LGBTI discrimination in Poland for the European Commission against racism and intolerance, 2014). 

In the last few years during the rule of the Law and Justice party,  the LGBTQ situation in Poland has deteriorated significantly. According to the ILGA Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People published in May 2019, Poland scored only 18 percent making the country the second worst state in the European Union for LGBTQ rights after Latvia falling from the score of 28 percent in 2014 (ILGA - Europe Rainbow Map May 2014). 






Data and statistics







  • Replika - LGBT magazine [in Polish].
  • DIK Fagazine - the first and only artistic magazine from Central and Eastern Europe concentrated on homosexuality and masculinity [in English].


  • The Queer Archives Institute is a non-profit artist-run organisation dedicated to research, collection, digitalisation, presentation, exhibition, analysis and artistic interpretation of queer archives, with special focus on Central and Eastern Europe. Founded in November 2015 by Karol Radziszewski, the QAI is a long term project open to transnational collaboration with artists, activists and academic researchers [in English].
  • LGBT Film Festival is an annual event which takes place in: Warszawa, Gdańsk, LódźWrocław, Lublin, Bydgoszcz, Kraków, Poznań [in Polish and English].


This guide is produced and curated by UCL SSEES Library as part of the UCL European Institute’s Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence Programme 2019.   


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