Homosexuality in Kosovo became legal in 1994 while Kosovo was still part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Since its independence in 2008, the Republic of Kosovo has put a great effort in adopting a wide range of laws and measures against discrimination of LGBT, however, it has struggled with implementation. The Kosovo government remains publicly supportive and in 2013 Parliament passed a bill to create an LGBT parliamentary coordination group. This is further regulated through the Anti-Discrimination Law from 2004, amended in 2015 to include nondiscrimination provisions for gender identities. The EU has supported LGBTQ in Kosovo, and in May 2014 it launched a project on Fight Against Homophobia and Transphobia. Kosovo held its first Pride Parade in May 2017, which was attended by the Prime Minister Hashim Tachi.
Country ranking by ILGA Europe [in English].
Bilić, B. (2016). LGBT activism and Europeanisation in the post-Yugoslav space : On the rainbow way to Europe. (Palgrave studies in European political sociology). Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan.
Pearce, S. C., & Cooper, A. (2014). LGBT movements in southeast Europe: Violence, justice, and international intersections. In Handbook of LGBT Communities, Crime, and Justice (pp. 311-338). New York : Springer.
Rexhepi, P. (2016). From Orientalism to Homonationalism: Queer Politics, Islamophobia and Europeanization in Kosovo. Southeastern Europe, 40(1), 32-53.
Fauchier, A. (2013). Kosovo: what does the future hold for LGBT people? Forced Migration Review, (42), 36-39.
Reports by the Center for Social Group Development [in English].
Life on the Margins: Survey Results of the Experiences of LGBTI People in Southeastern Europe. World Bank Group, September 2018 [in English].
LGBTIQ Employment Equality Index: 2018. Annual Report of Findings. The Head Hunter, 2018 [in English].
Advancing LGBTI Rights by Building the Capacities of Public Servants: An evaluation of training programs of public institutions in Kosovo. Equal Rights for All Coalition, March 2018 [in English].
Social Protection and Access to Healthcare for Transgender People in Kosovo. Equal Rights for All Coalition, November 2016 [in English].
Case Study: The Treatment of LGBTI cases by Kosovo’s Justice System. Center for Social Group Development, 2016 [in English].
LGBTI Rights Public Opinion Poll: Western Balkans. National Democratic Institute, 2015 [in English].
Hoare, Liam. "Everything's Undercover, Everything's Hidden: LGBTQ Life on Europe's Frontier" [in English].
Kosovo 2.0 Magazine in 2017 ran a page titled LGBTQ Monograph, in parallel with the first Pride Parade in May 2017. On this page you will find an indepth reporting on Kosovo's LGBTQ issues [in English, Albanian, Serbian].
The Marriage an award winning Kosovar film directed by Blerta Zeqiri (official trailer).
Qielli Po Hapet (The Sky is Turning) is a four-part documentary about the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons in Kosovo. It show personal stories of acceptance and rejection, to activism and the organization of the first Pride parade. It was produced by the Kosovo 2.0 [English subtitles].