Homosexuality is legal in Estonia since 1992. Even though the Cohabitation agreement allowing same-sex couples to register their status has been passed in parliament in 2014, the procedures enabling the agreement to function in practice have not been established. Same-sex marriages performed abroad can be registered in Estonia. Same-sex couples can only adopt their stepchildren in Estonia. Discrimination based on gender and sexual identity is outlawed in employment, and military. It is legal in Estonia to change one's legal gender and name without sex reassignment surgery.
Country ranking by ILGA Europe [in English].
Vērdiņš, Kārlis, & Ozolinš, Jānis. (2016). Queer Stories of Europe. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Ayoub, P. (2016). When States Come Out : Europe's sexual minorities and the politics of visibility. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
Sremac, Ganzevoort, Sremac, Srđan, & Ganzevoort, Reinder Ruard. (2015). Religious and sexual nationalisms in Central and Eastern Europe : Gods, gays, and governments. Boston : Brill.
Pelz, M., Hansen, Randall, Austin, Robert, & Way, Lucan. (2016). Europeanization, National Party Systems, and LGBT Rights: The Cases of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.
Ariadne’s Clew - the first journal in Estonia to address academic feminism, and women’s and men’s studies [in English].
Database of Estonian articles Index Scriptorum Estoniae contains information about articles from Estonian newspapers at 1900-2013 and Estonian journals, serial publications and anthologies at 1990-2016. It does not give access to articles, but it is helpful to identify and locate existing publications [in Estonian and English].
Estonia hate crime data by OSCE ODIHR [in English].
European LGBT Survey, 2012. FRA Europe [in English].
ECRI - Country monitoring in Estonia. Reports, 1997 - 2019 [in English].
LGBT Juuni 2014. Turu-uuringute AS [in Estonian].
Avaliku arvamuse uuring LGBT teemadel 2017. Turu-uuringute AS [in Estonian].
Meeting the challenge of accession Surveys on sexual orientation discrimination in countries joining the European Union. ILGA Europe Policy Paper, April 2004 [English].
Feministeerium is an independent feminist media outlet in Estonia which is interested in an intersectional perspective and have a soft spot for queer issues. They like different feminist voices to be heard and offer a platform for feminist writers in Estonia and abroad, representing a variety of perspectives. The material is available in Estonian, English, and Russian. Their Facebook page [in Estonian, Russian, English].
Transfoorum - an Estonian conference room for transgender people [in Estonian, English].
Full text online resources related to gender in Estonia from The European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) [in English].