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Guide to resources on LGBTQ+ in Eastern Europe: Estonia

Estonia Overview

LGBT map of Estonia


Homosexuality is legal in Estonia since 1992. Even though the Cohabitation agreement allowing same-sex couples to register their status has been passed in parliament in 2014, the procedures enabling the agreement to function in practice have not been established. Same-sex marriages performed abroad can be registered in Estonia. Same-sex couples can only adopt their stepchildren in Estonia. Discrimination based on gender and sexual identity is outlawed in employment, and military. It is legal in Estonia to change one's legal gender and name without sex reassignment surgery. 


Academic research

Estonian Institute for Population Studies, Tallinn University

Gender Studies Research Group, Tallinn University

Estonian Women's Studies and Research Centre







  • Ariadne’s Clew - the first journal in Estonia to address academic feminism, and women’s and men’s studies [in English].























  • Digital Library gives access to publications of Tallinn University including academic work on LGBT and gender [in Estonian and English].
  • Database of Estonian articles Index Scriptorum Estoniae contains information about articles from Estonian newspapers at 1900-2013 and Estonian journals, serial publications and anthologies at 1990-2016. It does not give access to articles, but it is helpful to identify and locate existing publications [in Estonian and English].

  • The National Library of Estonia’s digital archive DIGAR stores online publications, print files and digitised copies of publication, including the ones on gender and sexuality [in Estonian, Russian, English].
  • DSpace at the University of Tartu is a repository for all electronic materials including e-theses and e-publications, digitized theses and books, manuscripts and images etc. [in Estonian, English, German].
  • A list of reports and articles on gender in Estonia from EIGE [multilingual].
  • A list of reports about LGBT in Estonia provided by Human Rights Centre [in Estonian, Russian, English].
  • ETIS - Estonian Research Information System, search engine gives access to academic publications including on LGBT and gender [in Estonian and English].


Data and statistics


Reports and analysis



  • Feministeerium is an independent feminist media outlet in Estonia which is interested in an intersectional perspective and have a soft spot for queer issues. They like different feminist voices to be heard and offer a platform for feminist writers in Estonia and abroad, representing a variety of perspectives. The material is available in Estonian, English, and Russian. Their Facebook page [in Estonian, Russian, English].


LGBT Organisations

  • Estonian LGBT Association website publishes LGBT-related news, and information about events. The association organises seminars, and events for LGBT community in Estonia, and assists LGBT people with reporting hate crimes. Their Facebook profile [in Estonian, English].
  • The Church of the Gentiles (GK) is a non-profit association that unites homosexual Christians in Estonia. The website provides space for discussion issues of faith and sexuality [in Estonian, Russian].


Gender Rights Organisations

  • ENUT  (The Estonian Women's Studies and Resource Centre) is a grassroots, non-profit, non- governmental organisation with the aim to advance gender equality in all spheres of life [in Estonian, English].



This guide is produced and curated by UCL SSEES Library as part of the UCL European Institute’s Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence Programme 2019.   


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