Homosexuality is legal in Belarus since 1994, but there are no anti-discriminatory measures in place to protect LGBT people in areas of employment, housing etc. Same-sex unions are not recognised, and homosexual people cannot serve in the military. It is legal to change one’s gender, but the procedure is lengthy. There are a few organisations advocating for LGBT and gender equality rights in Belarus listed below.
Some academic research has been published on the topic of gender, but research on LGBT is very sparse (but check the link below, as well as repositories for references).
Laboratory of Gender Studies, European College of Liberal Arts in Belarus.
Mole, R. (2019). Soviet and post-Soviet sexualities. (First ed., Routledge contemporary Russia and Eastern Europe series).
Healey, D. (2017). Russian Homophobia from Stalin to Sochi. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.
Fedor, J., Umland, A., & Khromeychuk, O. (2016). Gender, nationalism, and citizenship in anti-authoritarian protests in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. Journal of Soviet and post-Soviet politics and society ; v. 2, no. 1.
Fejes, N., & Balogh, A. (2012). Queer visibility in post-socialist cultures. Bristol: Intellect book.
Miłość to miłość : sztuka jako aktywizm LGBTQ - od Brytanii po Białoruś. Lublin : Galeria Labirynt 2011.
Belarus hate crime data by OSCE ODIHR [English].
Belarus 2017/2018. Amnesty International [English].
Less equal : LGBTI human rights defenders in Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. Amnesty International. London : Amnesty International Ltd. December 2017 [English].
Муканова А., Йорский Ю., Джума В. Анализ национального законодательства Республики Беларусь, связанного с правами ЛГБТ и ВИЧ. Евразийская коалиция по мужскому здоровью (ЕКОМ). Таллинн, 2017. 26с. [Russian].
Legislative analysis related to LGBT rights and HIV in Belarus. Eurasian Coalition on Male Health 2017 [English].
Human Rights of LGBT People in Belarus Submission for the Universal Periodic Review 2014. GayBelarus [English].
Challenging hate: Monitoring anti-LGBT “hate speech” and responses to it in Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine. Article 19, February 2018 [English].
Queer History of Belarus in the second half of the 20th century: a preliminary study. Minsk, 2016 [English].
Situation of Individuals with non-standard sexual orientation in Belarus. Warsaw : Heinrich Böll Foundation [English].
Overcoming gender backlash: experiences of Ukraine, Belarus, Russia, Georgia, Armenia and Poland. Kyiv : Heinrich Böll Foundation [English].
LGBTI Human rights defenders in Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. Amnesty International, 2016 [English].
Universal Periodic Review of Belarus 22nd session. Joined submission by Gay Belarus and SRI, May 2015 [English].
Analysis of the Gender Sector in Belarus. Minsk : Office for European Expertise and Communications, 2014 [English].
A list of articles about LGBT rights in Belarus on Human Rights First [English].
A coverage of LGBT rights in Belarus on Lithuanian Gay League Website [English].
E-library of Belarussian State University [Belarusian].