Albania decriminalised homosexual relationships in January 1995. In 2010 the Parliament adopted a non-discrimination law which prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, promoting equal access to employment, education, goods and services, health services and housing. Civil society has played a crucial role in monitoring hate speech, especially by high ranking officials. In May 2015, the Albanian parliament passed a resolution entitled “On Protection of Rights and Freedoms of persons belonging to the LGBT community in Albania”.The University of Tirana does not have a dedicated Gender or LGBT/Queer studies departments. Civil society and activism are leading the discourse on LGBT and gender rights. The relationships between Civil society and governmental ministries is regulated by the LGBTI National Action Plan 2016-2020, which provisions for NGOs to hold lectures on LGBTI rights, in high schools. The National Strategy and Action Plan on Gender Equality 2016-2020 offers a comprehensive overview on existing gender and LGBTQ rights and legal frameworks.
Altin Hazizaj. The impact of the law against discrimination in changing institutional attitudes towards the LGBT persons in Albania. Tirana, 2016. The report can be downloaded from Academia.edu [in English].
History-makers: LGBT activism in Albania 2010-2015, Council of Europe [in English].
The Struggle of Being Gay in Albania, VICE International [in English].